Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Pogonatherum crinitum (Thunb.) Kunth

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Herbarium specimen. © CSIRO
Herbarium specimen. © DERM

Kunth, K.S. (1784) Flora Japonica : 40, pl.7.


Culms erect or geniculate, sometimes trailing, very slender, 10-30 cm tall and branching from near the base, nodes hairy.


Leaf sheaths striated, ciliate in the top third, with long hairs (1.5-2 mm long) on the shoulders; leaf blades 1.5-5 × 0.1-0.4 cm, with bulbous-based scabrid hairs. Ligule a ciliated membrane 0.5 mm tall.


Raceme 1.5-3 cm (excluding awns), yellowish; rachis internodes and pedicels - spikelet length, hairs silky white. Sessile spikelet 1.3-2 mm, membranous; callus hairs equal to or slightly longer than the spikelet; lower glume scabrid on back, apex ciliate with ca. 0.2 mm hairs, 2-nerved; upper glume awn 1.5-1.8 cm; lower floret absent or only lemma present; awn of upper lemma 1.8-2.4 cm, strongly geniculate near base, column very short, dark brown, limb fine, diverging at right angle or more from spikelet. Pedicelled spikelet similar to sessile but smaller; lower glume awnless.


Caryopsis reddish brown, with smooth testa


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Grows in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from 40-800 m. Grows along creeks in rainforest and closed woodland. Also from Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Natural History & Notes

Used for the treatment of many inflammatory diseases throughout its distribution range (Wang et al. 2008).

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