Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Rubus moluccanus L. var. moluccanus
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 1197. Type: Habitat in Amboina. Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 5 (1747) 88, t. 47, fig. 2 (ref. C.Kalkman, Fl. Malesiana ser. I, 11(2) (1993) 275.
Native Raspberry; Queensland Bramble; Raspberry; Raspberry, Molucca; Raspberry, Native; Molucca Raspberry; Molucca Bramble
Usually flowers and fruits as a scrambler or weak-stemmed shrub 2-3 m tall but can attain the form of a slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
Stipules about 7-15 mm long, the margins deeply seven to nine-lobed, attached to the stems, not the petioles. Leaf blades about 5-11 x 4-7.5 cm, petioles about 4-5 cm long. Recurved thorns usually present on the stems, petioles and midrib on the underside of the leaf blade. Leaves often obscurely three to five-lobed, +/- glabrous or pubescent on the upper surface but densely clothed in pale felty hairs on the lower surface. Petioles and twigs clothed in long brown hairs.
Flowers about 1-1.5 cm diam. Calyx hairy throughout, outer surface clothed in orange or golden hairs and short downy matted hairs, inner surface with white silky hairs. Petals about 3-5 x 3-4 mm, glabrous. Pollen white. Carpels about 30 or more per flower, glabrous, attached to a globular receptacle. One ovule per carpel.
Cotyledons ovate, about 3-4 x 2-3 mm, margins hairy or appearing toothed, hair apices glandular. First pair of leaves simple but the margins coarsely toothed or lobed, petioles slightly longer than the blades, glandular hairs usually visible with a lens. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly cordate, margin with numerous teeth. Spines present on the stem, petiole and midrib on the underside of the leaf blade. Stem, petiole and both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade clothed in simple, white hairs. Stipules hairy, about 6-7 x 2 mm long, margins laciniate. Seed germination time 37 to 73 days.
This species may have medicinal properties. The stem of this species is regarded as a contraceptive. Cribb (1981).