Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Rubus moluccanus var. trilobus A.R.Bean

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and fruit. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII).
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Bean, A.R. (1997) Austrobaileya 5: 45. Type: New South Wales. Northern Tablelands: Giro State Forest, 10 Dec. 1996, A. R. Bean 11477 (holo: BRI; iso: K, L, MEL, NSW).

Common name

Raspberry, Native; Native Raspberry; Molucca Bramble; Raspberry


Usually flowers and fruits as a weak-stemmed shrub about 1-2 m tall.


Stipules about 6-10 mm long, lacinate or the margins deeply lobed, attached to the stems, not the petioles. Leaf blades about 8 x 8-9 cm, petioles about 3 cm long. Recurved thorns usually present on the stems and petioles. Leaves +/- 3-lobed, densely felty hairy on the underside but mainly glabrous on the upper surface except for hairs along the midrib and major veins.


Calyx densely clothed in white or pale brown hairs on both surfaces. Petals pink, about 4-6 x 4-5 mm, glabrous. Pollen white. Carpels glabrous, attached to a globular receptacle. One ovule per carpel. Styles pink towards the apex.


Calyx lobes persistent at the base of the fruit. Aggregate fruit about 1 cm diam. Seed enclosed in a seed-like endocarp which is rugose, netted or pitted on the outer surface. Styles persistent.


Cotyledons elliptic, about 3 x 2 mm, apex glandular, retuse or rounded, base rounded, margins sparsely hairy. First pair of leaves simple, margins lobed, petioles long, glandular hairs usually visible with a lens. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade +/- cordate. Spines present on the stem, petiole and midrib on the underside of the leaf blade. Stipules hairy, filiform, about 6-8 mm long, margins usually lobed or fimbriate, Bud, stem, petiole and both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade hairy. Seed germination time 71 to 80 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards to Victoria. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 700-1200 m. Usually grows in wet sclerophyll forest but also found on the margins of rain forest in upland and mountain areas.

RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.