Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Wilkiea macrophylla (A.Cunn.) A.DC.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Flowers [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Immature fruit [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Fruit [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Leaves [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.

Candolle, A.L.P.P. de in Candolle, A.L.P.P. de (ed.) (1868), Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 16(2): 669.

Common name

Large-leaved Wilkiea


Shrub or small tree, 1-6 m tall; bark creamy grey, smooth to finely scaly. Stems hairless, resting buds covered with small scale leaves.


Leaves simple, opposite. New growth reddish. Stipules absent. Petiole 2-10 mm long. Leaf blades oblong, narrowly to broadly elliptic or obovate, 6.5-24 cm long, 2-9 cm wide, base cuneate, obtuse to subcordate, margin entire or toothed, apex acute, shortly acuminate or obtuse with mucro. Venation of 7-11 pairs of lateral veins. Domatia absent. Surfaces hairless, oil dots fine, numerous, sometimes obscure.


Inflorescences axillary, dichasial cymes or panicles. Flowers unisexual, monoecious, actinomorphic. Male flower a globose receptacle, 2-3 mm diam., tepals 6, around ostiole or pore at apex of globose receptacle, with 4 or 8 stamens on inner surface of receptacle, filaments very short. Female flower a flattened globose receptacle, 5-7 mm diam., with a large ostiole, upper half of receptacle falling as a calyptra at maturity, tepals 12 or 14, minute; 13-20 free carpels enclosed by receptacle, ovaries superior; receptacle enlarging and becoming swollen in fruit, calyptra shed and leaving a circular scar.


Individual carpels developing into ovoid drupes, 15-20 mm long, 10-12 mm diam., glossy, purple-black to black, clustered on a shared swollen yellow, receptacle. Stone or endocarp solitary, 1-seeded, cream or pale-brown, 18-20 mm long.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards to north eastern New South Wales. Grows in rainforest, dry rainforest and littoral rainforest.

Natural History & Notes

This profile information and associated coding has been adapted from Cooper & Cooper (2004), Whiffin & Foreman (2007), and Harden et al. (2014).

Hedycarya macrophylla A.Cunn. Annals of Natural History 1: 215, adnot. (1838). Type: "A large shrub, frequent in shaded woods on the coast, especially on the banks of the large rivers of the colony. -1804, R.Brown, Esq.-1818, Allan Cunningham." Mollinedia macrophylla (A.Cunn.) Tul., Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique ser. 4, 3: 45 (1855). Type: "Nova Hollandia orientalis (R.Brown; All. Cunningham; Leichardt). (Herb. mus. par. et vindobon.)." Kibara macrophylla (A.Cunn.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 5: 288, (1870).
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