Ficus congesta Roxb. var. congesta
Corner, E.J.H. (1960) The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 18 : 52.
Red Leaf Fig; Fig, Red Leaf; Fig, Cluster; Fig; Cluster Fig
Not a strangling fig. Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.
Petioles and twigs produce a milky exudate. Leaf blades about 12-25 x 8-13 cm. Oil dots visible on the underside of the leaf blade with the aid of a lens. Stipules about 1-2.5 cm long and hairy on the outside. Bark on the younger twigs rusty, papery, scaly. Bark on the older twigs strong and fibrous when stripped.
Male flowers: Flowers produced around the ostiole, perianth fused to form an operculum rupturing to expose the anther. Female flowers: Perianth fused into a tube without lobes. Style and stigma bright pinkish red. Bracts at the base of the fig, three. Lateral bracts not present on the outside of the fig body.
Cotyledons +/- orbicular, about 2-3 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, base obtuse to auriculate, margin crenate on the upper 2/3 of the leaf blade, upper surface with a few pale hairs. Stipules narrowly triangular, sheathing the terminal bud. Seed germination time 17 to 19 days.
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).