Heteropogon contortus (L.) P.Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.
Roemer, J.J. & Schultes, J.A. (1817) Systema Vegetabilium Edn. 16 2: 836.
Bunch Speargrass; Black Speargrass
Tufted perennial. Culms slender, usually geniculate at base, 20-100 cm tall.
Inflorescence terminal or racemes gathered into a scanty panicle; spatheoles linear, tightly rolled around peduncle; peduncles mostly long-exserted. Racemes 3-7 cm (excluding awns), narrowly cylindrical, 7-12-awned, (1-)3-10(-12) pairs of flat green homogamous spikelets below the awned fertile pairs. Sessile spikelet 5-7 mm, dark brown; callus 2-3 mm, fiercely pungent, brown bearded; lower glume linear becoming cylindrical at maturity, sometimes hispidulous between veins; awn 6-10 cm, dark brown, column white-hirtellous, tips of successive awns often twisting together. Pedicelled spikelet 6-11 mm, lower glume oblong-lanceolate, greenish, laterally asymmetrically winged, glabrous or sparsely to densely pilose or tuberculate-hispid or white setose.
Features not available.
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to New South Wales and widespread in norther Australia. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m. Grows in openings in rainforest, in Eucalypt forest, various types of woodland and grassland. Also from warm-temperate areas to the tropics and subtropics of the world.