Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Litsea leefeana (F.Muell.) Merr.
Merrill, E.D. (1919) Philippine Journal of Science 14 : 242.
Brown Bollygum; White Sassafras; Sycamore; Brown Bollywood; Brown Beech; Bollywood, Brown; Bollygum, Soft; Bollygum, Brown; Bollygum; Beech, Brown; Beech, Bolly; Bollywood; Soft Bollygum; Bolly Beech
Very fine yellowish flecks or vertical stripes generally visible in the outer blaze. Bark flakes thin, fairly large, +/- square or rectangular in shape.
Twigs terete or fluted, clothed in straight and tortuous, brown and pale brown, erect hairs. Leaf blades about 5-20.5 x 2.5-9.5 cm, green on the underside, clothed in straight and tortuous, white or pale brown, erect hairs which persist on mature leaves. Midrib depressed and often hairy on the upper surface. Petioles flat on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens at least on the upper surface.
Fruits ellipsoid, about 12-22.5 x 10-15 mm. Receptacle about 3.5-7 x 7-10.5 mm. Seed about 10-19 x 7-10 mm. Cotyledons purple.
First pair of leaves ovate, about 25-60 x 12-30 mm, green on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves elliptic to obovate, apex acuminate, base obtuse, upper surface hairy at least along the midrib; oil dots very small, visible only with a lens; petiole clothed in erect pale hairs. Seed germination time 20 to 62 days.
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries, Fruit Pigeons and Metallic Starlings. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
This species grows large enough to produce millable logs and the sawn timber is marketed as Bollywood, a useful lightweight, general purpose timber. Wood specific gravity 0.48-0.54. Hyland (1989).